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Aba Terms 

Understanding these terms can help you better communicate with your child's therapy team and understand the strategies they are implementing.

Here is a list of common terms used in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) and their meanings that you might find useful as a parent:

 

Antecedent: Anything that occurs before a behavior that might trigger that behavior. It sets the stage for the behavior to happen.

 

Behavior: Any observable and measurable action or response by an individual. In ABA, behaviors are what we look to increase, decrease, or maintain depending on their adaptiveness and functionality.

 

Consequence: What happens immediately after a behavior, which can influence the likelihood of the behavior occurring again in the future.

 

Reinforcement: A consequence that increases the likelihood of a behavior occurring again. It can be positive (adding something pleasant) or negative (removing something unpleasant).

 

Punishment: A consequence that decreases the likelihood of a behavior occurring again. It involves either presenting an unpleasant stimulus or removing a pleasant stimulus following a behavior.

 

Function of Behavior: The reason behind a behavior; typically, behavior serves to gain something (attention, items, sensory satisfaction) or avoid something (unpleasant situations, demands).

 

Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP): A detailed plan that outlines specific strategies and interventions designed to reduce problematic behaviors and teach alternative, more appropriate behaviors.

 

8Generalization: The ability to apply learned behaviors to different situations beyond the initial learning environment.

 

Maintenance: The ability of an individual to continue to perform a learned behavior after the initial teaching and reinforcement have been reduced or removed.

 

Prompt: Assistance given to encourage a correct response. This can be verbal, physical, visual, or gestural.

 

Fading: Gradually reducing the level of assistance or prompts as the individual gains independence in performing a behavior.

 

Task Analysis: The process of breaking a complex skill or behavior into smaller, teachable components.

 

Mand: A request or command made by the individual, which is a type of communication in ABA. It's how individuals communicate their needs or wants.

 

Tact: A verbal response that identifies or describes objects, actions, or events. It is essentially labeling what the individual sees, hears, or feels.

 

Echoic: A vocal imitation where the individual repeats what is heard. It's a type of verbal behavior used in teaching speech.

 

Discrete Trial Training (DTT): A structured method of teaching in ABA that involves a clear beginning and end to each instructional trial with specific cues and consequences.

 

Natural Environment Training (NET): Teaching skills in the environments or situations where they would naturally occur, using naturally occurring reinforcers.

 

Understanding these terms can help you better communicate with your child's therapy team and understand the strategies they are implementing.

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